Brine re-injection pump for geothermal plants

Re-inject and renew

The brine re-injection pump re-injects the low enthalpy reject brine back to the geothermal field to renew the available resources.

Geothermal Plant

Sulzer is experienced in providing solutions for the following applications:

  • Binary cycle geothermal plant organic rankine or kalina cycle
  • Dry rock enhanced geothermal system EGS
  • Flash/binary cycle geothermal plant
  • Flash steam geothermal plant

The broad range of single stage, ring section and axially split are well proven for the use as brine re-injection pumps:

OHH BBS
Capacities
Up to 2,250 m3/h / 10,000 USgpm Up to 5,000 m3/h / 22,000 USgpm
Heads Up to 400 m / 1,500 ft Up to 450 m / 1,500 ft
Pressures
Up to 75 bar / 1,110 psi Up to 50 bar / 740 psi
Temperatures Up to 425°C / 800°F Up to 425°C / 800°F
MBN MC MSD
Capacities
Up to 700 m3/h /
3,080 USgpm
Up to 1,000 m3/h /
5,000 USgpm
Up to 3,200 m3/h /
14,000 USgpm
Heads Up to 900 m /
2,950 ft
Up to 1,750 m /
5,500 ft
Up to 2,900 m /
9,500 ft
Pressures
Up to 100 bar /
1,450 psi
Up to 180 bar /
2,610 psi
Up to 300 bar /
4,400 psi
Temperatures Up to 180°C /
355°F
Up to 180°C /
355°F
Up to 200°C /
400°F

Products

  • BBS and CD between bearings single stage pumps
    The BBS and CD models are API 610 (ISO 13709) type BB2, single stage, radially split pumps. They offer the widest range of hydraulic performance in the industry.

  • MBN multistage ring section pump
    The MBN pumps are ideal for use in medium-pressure applications. They have a big variety of nozzle position options, thus providing flexibility during installation and simplifying the piping design.

  • MC high pressure stage casing pump
    M-series pumps have a modular design thus allowing Sulzer to find the most efficient solution to meet customer requirements.

  • MSD axially split multistage pump
    The MSD pump has the broadest hydraulic coverage of any BB3 type multistage pump in the market. There are over 10 000 MSD pumps installed in product pipelines, boiler feed, water injection and even nuclear safety-related services around the globe.

  • OHH overhung single stage pumps
    The OHH is our API 610 (ISO 13709) type OH2 overhung, horizontal, centerline mounted, single stage, radially split process pump.

Processes and applications

Binary Cycle Geothermal Plant Organic Rankine or Kalina Cycle

Binary cycle geothermal plant organic rankine or kalina cycle

Binary cycle processes are quite frequent nowadays to make use of the medium enthalpy hydrothermal resources available in the underground. A secondary working fluid having a flashing point at much lower temperature is heated-up by the hydrothermal resource and then expanded in a thermal turbine to drive an electric generator.

Binary Cycle Geothermal Plant Organic Rankine or Kalina Cycle

A binary cycle plant transfers heat from the hot geothermal fluid (105°C < T < 185°C) that is sent through a heat exchanger to vaporize a secondary working fluid such as pentane, iso-butane in the Organic Rankine Cycle, or ammonia in the Kalina Cycle. The working fluid is then expanded in a turbine, condensed and reheated in a closed loop cycle. The brine is disposed of by re-injection into the ground. Sulzer supports these processes with Production pumps (PP), Brine Re-Injection pumps (BRIP), Hydrocarbon Feed pumps (HFP), Cooling Water pumps (CWP) and auxiliary pumps.

Dry Rock Enhanced Geothermal System EGS

Dry rock enhanced geothermal system EGS

Dry rock enhanced geothermal systems are currently being deeply investigated. In such cases, the hydrothermal resources are not available in the underground but generated artificially through the stimulation of fractured hot bedrock by injecting water on them. The outcome of this technology is usually very high enthalpy hydrothermal resources.

Enhanced Geothermal System
Dry rock Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) have an injection well (deeper than the ground water tables) drilled into hot bedrock that has limited permeability and fluid content. Water is injected at very high pressure usually by reciprocating pumps, to ensure fracturing and re-opening of existing fractures some distance from the injection wellbore. The production well, which intersects the stimulated fracture network, has water circulated to extract the heat from the hot rock. The temperature of the water extraction can be higher than in the natural geothermal fields, resulting in higher vaporization pressures and thermodynamic efficiencies. Depending on the production hot water temperature (T < 280 ºC), the EGS fields can be typically combined with binary cycle or flash steam power plants. Sulzer supports these processes with high pressure Brine Re-Injection pumps (BRIP), Condensate Re-Injection pumps (CRIP), Hydrocarbon Feed Pumps (HFP), Cooling Water pumps (CWP) and auxiliary pumps.
Dry Steam Geothermal Plant

Dry steam geothermal plant

Dry steam geothermal resources were the first used since the beginning of the 20th century to generate electricity. In this process, the steam source available in the underground flows naturally to run a thermal turbine driving an electric generator.

Dry Steam Geothermal Plant
A dry steam plant has production wells that are drilled down to the geothermal reservoir. The superheated pressurized steam (180°C < T < 280°C) is brought to the surface at high speeds and passed through a steam turbine to generate electricity. The steam passes through a condenser and is converted into water. The condensate is then re-injected into the ground through wells. Sulzer supports these processes with Condensate Re-Injection pumps (CRIP), Cooling Water pumps (CWP) and auxiliary pumps.
Flash Binary Cycle Geothermal Plant

Flash / binary cycle geothermal plant

Flash / binary geothermal power plants are also described as combined-cycle. The purpose is to optimize the efficiency of the thermal cycle combining the high enthalpy hydrothermal resources available in the underground by flashing them into steam while the rejected hot brine is used to flash a hydrocarbon or ammonia in a binary cycle.

Flash/Binary Cycle Geothermal Plant
A flash/binary cycle plant uses a combination of flash and binary technology. The portion of the geothermal fluid (185 ºC < T < 220 ºC) which "flashes" to steam under reduced pressure is first converted to electricity with a backpressure steam turbine. The low-pressure steam exiting the backpressure turbine is condensed in a binary system. Sulzer supports these processes with Production pumps (PP), Brine Re-Injection pumps (BRIP), Hydrocarbon Feed Pumps (HFP), Cooling Water pumps (CWP) and auxiliary pumps.
Flash Steam Geothermal Plant

Flash steam geothermal plant

Flash steam plants use high enthalpy hydrothermal resources available in the underground that are flashed into steam in a drum at low pressure. The flashed steam runs a thermal turbine driving an electric generator.

Graph showing flash steam geothermal plant
In a flash steam plant, hot and high-pressure water (185°C < T < 220°C) is converted into steam by flashing the extracted liquid through reducing the pressure. The liquid is separated into steam and brine. This brine is pumped back down into the reservoir again and the steam is sent to the turbine, which drives a generator. After passing through the turbine, the steam enters a condenser and is cooled to a liquid state, then pumped back down into the reservoir. Sulzer supports these processes with Production pumps (PP), Brine Re-Injection pumps (BRIP), Condensate Re-Injection pumps (CRIP), Cooling Water pumps (CWP) and auxiliary pumps.

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