Cooling water pump (CWP) for geothermal plants

Cooling the working fluid down to the optimum temperature

Sulzer offers a variety of cooling water pumps, all made to provide your processes with the optimum temperatures for your processes. Installed in a water cooled condenser, the pumps will be active for your specific process.

Geothermal plant

The cooling water pumps cool down steam or fluid, depending on the application:

  • Binary Cycle Geothermal Plant Organic Rankine or Kalina Cycle: working fluid (i.e. isopentane for Rankine cycle or a mixture of ammonia and water for Kalina cycle) coming from the gas expander.
  • Dry Steam Geothermal Plant: the exhaust dry steam coming from the steam turbine.
  • Flash/Binary Cycle Geothermal Plant: the exhaust flashed steam coming from the steam turbine and the exhaust flashed working fluid (i.e. isopentane for Rankine cycle or a mixture of ammonia and water for Kalina cycle) coming from the gas expander.
  • Flash Steam Geothermal Plant: the exhaust flashed steam coming from the steam turbine.

Sulzer provides the following vertical and horizontally axially split pumps as cooling water pumps:

SJT SJM
Capacities
Up to 62,000 m3/h / 270,000 USgpm Up to 58,000 m3/h / 250,000 USgpm
Heads Up to 110 m per stage / 350 ft Up to 30 m per stage / 1000 ft
Pressures
Up to 64 bar / 930 psi Up to 18 bar / 260 psi
Temperatures Up to 50°C / 122°F Up to 50°C / 122°F
SMD ZPP
Capacities
Up to 16,000 m3/h /
70,000 USgpm
Up to 25,000 m3/h /
130,000 USgpm
Heads Up to 260 m / 850 ft Up to 160 m / 525 ft
Pressures
Up to 34 bar / 490 psi Up to 25 bar / 230 psi
Temperatures Up to 140°C / 280°F Up to 120°C / 250°F

Products

  • SJM vertical mixed flow pump
    The SJM pump is a vertical, single or 2-stage, mixed flow bowl diffuser and is typically used wherever a liquid needs to be pumped upward at moderate pressure from open bodies of liquid.

  • SJT vertical turbine pump
    SJT pumps are typically used whenever a liquid needs to be pumped upward from ground water tables (deep well pumps), manmade underground storage (caverns) or open bodies of liquid. Fully updated hydraulics and mechanical designs make the SJT highly efficient, cost- effective, and low-maintenance.

  • SMD axially split casing double suction pump
    The SMD pumps are designed for a wide range of raw, clean, sea and brackish water applications. To meet the demands of the individual applications, the SMD benefits from a best-in-class hydraulic design that is combined with two specific mechanical envelopes; Standard SMD and Configured SMD.

  • ZPP double suction, axially split single stage centrifugal pump
    ZPP double suction axially split single stage centrifugal pumps are used for demanding high-capacity industrial applications to ensure process reliability, high efficiency, and low operating costs.

Processes and applications

Binary Cycle Geothermal Plant Organic Rankine or Kalina Cycle

Binary cycle geothermal plant organic rankine or kalina cycle

Binary cycle processes are quite frequent nowadays to make use of the medium enthalpy hydrothermal resources available in the underground. A secondary working fluid having a flashing point at much lower temperature is heated-up by the hydrothermal resource and then expanded in a thermal turbine to drive an electric generator.

Binary Cycle Geothermal Plant Organic Rankine or Kalina Cycle

A binary cycle plant transfers heat from the hot geothermal fluid (105°C < T < 185°C) that is sent through a heat exchanger to vaporize a secondary working fluid such as pentane, iso-butane in the Organic Rankine Cycle, or ammonia in the Kalina Cycle. The working fluid is then expanded in a turbine, condensed and reheated in a closed loop cycle. The brine is disposed of by re-injection into the ground. Sulzer supports these processes with Production pumps (PP), Brine Re-Injection pumps (BRIP), Hydrocarbon Feed pumps (HFP), Cooling Water pumps (CWP) and auxiliary pumps.

Dry Rock Enhanced Geothermal System EGS

Dry rock enhanced geothermal system EGS

Dry rock enhanced geothermal systems are currently being deeply investigated. In such cases, the hydrothermal resources are not available in the underground but generated artificially through the stimulation of fractured hot bedrock by injecting water on them. The outcome of this technology is usually very high enthalpy hydrothermal resources.

Enhanced Geothermal System
Dry rock Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) have an injection well (deeper than the ground water tables) drilled into hot bedrock that has limited permeability and fluid content. Water is injected at very high pressure usually by reciprocating pumps, to ensure fracturing and re-opening of existing fractures some distance from the injection wellbore. The production well, which intersects the stimulated fracture network, has water circulated to extract the heat from the hot rock. The temperature of the water extraction can be higher than in the natural geothermal fields, resulting in higher vaporization pressures and thermodynamic efficiencies. Depending on the production hot water temperature (T < 280 ºC), the EGS fields can be typically combined with binary cycle or flash steam power plants. Sulzer supports these processes with high pressure Brine Re-Injection pumps (BRIP), Condensate Re-Injection pumps (CRIP), Hydrocarbon Feed Pumps (HFP), Cooling Water pumps (CWP) and auxiliary pumps.
Dry Steam Geothermal Plant

Dry steam geothermal plant

Dry steam geothermal resources were the first used since the beginning of the 20th century to generate electricity. In this process, the steam source available in the underground flows naturally to run a thermal turbine driving an electric generator.

Dry Steam Geothermal Plant
A dry steam plant has production wells that are drilled down to the geothermal reservoir. The superheated pressurized steam (180°C < T < 280°C) is brought to the surface at high speeds and passed through a steam turbine to generate electricity. The steam passes through a condenser and is converted into water. The condensate is then re-injected into the ground through wells. Sulzer supports these processes with Condensate Re-Injection pumps (CRIP), Cooling Water pumps (CWP) and auxiliary pumps.
Flash Binary Cycle Geothermal Plant

Flash / binary cycle geothermal plant

Flash / binary geothermal power plants are also described as combined-cycle. The purpose is to optimize the efficiency of the thermal cycle combining the high enthalpy hydrothermal resources available in the underground by flashing them into steam while the rejected hot brine is used to flash a hydrocarbon or ammonia in a binary cycle.

Flash/Binary Cycle Geothermal Plant
A flash/binary cycle plant uses a combination of flash and binary technology. The portion of the geothermal fluid (185 ºC < T < 220 ºC) which "flashes" to steam under reduced pressure is first converted to electricity with a backpressure steam turbine. The low-pressure steam exiting the backpressure turbine is condensed in a binary system. Sulzer supports these processes with Production pumps (PP), Brine Re-Injection pumps (BRIP), Hydrocarbon Feed Pumps (HFP), Cooling Water pumps (CWP) and auxiliary pumps.
Flash Steam Geothermal Plant

Flash steam geothermal plant

Flash steam plants use high enthalpy hydrothermal resources available in the underground that are flashed into steam in a drum at low pressure. The flashed steam runs a thermal turbine driving an electric generator.

Graph showing flash steam geothermal plant
In a flash steam plant, hot and high-pressure water (185°C < T < 220°C) is converted into steam by flashing the extracted liquid through reducing the pressure. The liquid is separated into steam and brine. This brine is pumped back down into the reservoir again and the steam is sent to the turbine, which drives a generator. After passing through the turbine, the steam enters a condenser and is cooled to a liquid state, then pumped back down into the reservoir. Sulzer supports these processes with Production pumps (PP), Brine Re-Injection pumps (BRIP), Condensate Re-Injection pumps (CRIP), Cooling Water pumps (CWP) and auxiliary pumps.

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